The works of March
The month of March is one of the most challenging for those who take care of maintaining your garden. It is precisely in this period that we need to set the vintage, favoring the awakening of the plants and creating their structure. Before starting however it is important to make sure of the climatic conditions that will be created. Depending on our geographical location, vintage and temperatures (especially minimum) the processes described here can be completed from the middle of February to the end of March.
For flower beds
The bulbous plants that we inserted in the autumn and lively perennials emerge. It is important to clean the soil and possibly divide the clumps by eliminating the parts that are not vital. We also remove the dry food left over from the autumn and weed the weeds. We then distribute a good slow release granular fertilizer for flowering plants, burying them with a light hoe. This will also make the ground more permeable to water.
Let us remember the defense against snails and slugs, especially in the case of persistent rains: we use special products or create traps and barriers.
It is also time to make new entries: let's go to the nurseries and choose annuals or perennials of our liking. It is also possible to sow as a dwelling or insert summer and autumn flowering bulbs (especially in the southern regions and on the coasts; elsewhere it is better to wait until April).
Shrubs and trees
Keeping an eye on the minimum temperatures we can decide to remove the protections from delicate shrubs.
Later we proceed with the pruning of those specimens that bloom on the branches produced in the year; we also adjust the hedges and formal elements of the garden. We tie the creepers and bend the branches of old roses (so that the bloom is more abundant).
We clean the foot, eliminating as much as possible the leaves of the previous year; we distribute a specific granular fertilizer and, if we have a clayey soil, some iron sulfate (especially for calciferous plants).
We do a treatment with a rameico, spraying the foliage, the cortex and the surrounding soil: we will decrease the incidence of cryptogams and the onset of creeping cancers.
Until the end of the month it is still possible to plant specimens with bare roots, following them with frequent watering.
It is also the right time to make cuttings, lay down or spread: rooting will happen quickly.
For potted plants
In many regions of Italy delicate potted plants spend the winter in a cold greenhouse or at home. By the end of the month it is possible to take them outside, but working gradually: we monitor the temperatures (especially the night ones) to avoid late frosts ruining our work. On the other hand, heat and light should be carefully dosed to avoid leaf burns and dehydration. We initially place the vases in a bright area, but without direct sun. We distribute a good balanced fertilizer and we irrigate only when the soil is dry in depth (in this period it is not uncommon to develop rot).
We clean the aerial part from dry or damaged leaves and branches: also in this case a cupric pass can be useful for disinfection. We also take advantage of this to monitor any pests and eradicate them with specific treatments.
The works of March: Other works
The garden, thanks to the pleasant temperatures, can be experienced again. We remove winter leaves and residues from the avenues and pavements then proceeding with a deep wash (excellent is the use of a pressure washer). We clean the outside furniture and, if in wood, we give one or more hands of impregnating. We touch up the metal elements with specific paints, in the event of rust. If we have a pond we can extract and divide the water lilies and lotuses, and possibly repot other aquatic plants. Insert the specific fertilizer into the pots.
We also begin to set the blooms of the summer: we plant the bulbs (dahlias, gladioli, lilium, crocosmie) and we plant in greenhouses (or at home) annuals such as cosme zinnie, tagete, vinca, impatiens, alisso.