How to water
The monstera is a plant that needs frequent wetting. The number of irrigations may vary depending on the season; the waterings may be closer in summer than in the winter months. However, whenever you intend to proceed with a new wetting, it is widely recommended to check the soil before irrigating. If the substrate is still damp from the previous watering, you can avoid proceeding in order not to create water stagnations. These stagnations, in fact, are the primary cause of the submersion and asphyxiation of the roots and cause the consequent root rot that leads to the subsequent death of the plant. Furthermore, to avoid water stagnation, it is also advisable to check that the saucer is not full of water. As for the water to be used, the monstera does not present any particular needs.
How to cure
Regarding exposure, the monstera prefers indirect exposure to sunlight. The sun's rays could, in fact, cause the formation of yellow spots on the leaves. Normally, the plant can withstand low temperatures well up to a minimum of 12 ° C. The monstera prefers environments with a temperature that is around 18 ° C-22 ° C, therefore it is recommended to preserve the plant in the apartment. The reproduction of the monstera must take place during the summer months and by cutting, using the apex or lateral buds. Furthermore, in order to promote engraftment, it is possible to use radical hormones. Repotting is a process that is performed only when the monstera has grown too large compared to the starting container. It is not necessary to repot the plant if the roots are still well contained.
How to fertilize
Fertilization of the monstera is a rather delicate process. This plant is, in fact, very sensitive to fertilization and an excess of these could lead to the excessive growth of the leaves and an alteration of the balance of the plant. The most recommended fertilizer is the specific one for indoor plants that contains equal doses of the fundamental chemical substances: nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. The fertilizer will be administered in liquid form by diluting it with irrigation water in slightly lower doses than reported on the package. The frequency of the fertilizations varies according to the age of the monstera. Generally, for younger plants fertilizers are more frequent than more adult plants. Normally it is fertilized about two or three times a year.
The monstera is not easily attacked by pests. However, it is not possible to completely exclude this possibility. Among the insects that could infest the plant we find aphids, or plant lice. If their presence is noted on the leaves, it is possible to proceed with the use of specific pesticide products. A bigger problem for monstera is root rot. This disease can be caused by excessive wetting of the soil or the presence of water in the saucer. It is very important to pay attention to these two factors as the root rot very quickly leads to the death of the plant. If the monstera is grown outdoors, it is not necessary to shelter it during the colder months because it is able to withstand low temperatures and atmospheric agents.