Medicinal herbs (List)
The main herbs and officinal plants are readily available in pharmacies or in herbal medicine and are absolutely regulated by a state law that regulates the sale and conservation, obviously distinguishing them from non-salable poisonous substances. A first list of some well-known plants could be the following: the Acerola, the Garlic, the Aloe vera, the Laurel, the Pineapple, the Anise, the Orange, the Arnica montana, the Bergamot, the Birch, the Hawthorn, the Borage, the Chamomile, the Artichoke, the Thistle, the Red Chili, the Echinacea, the Fennel, the Ginkgo Biloba, the Ginseng, the Guaranà, the Ippocastano, the Lavanda, the Hops, Marjoram, Mandarin, Blueberry, Mellissa, Grapefruit, Rhubarb, Rosemary, Soy, Dandelion, Green Tea, Uva Ursi, Valeriana.
Medicinal herbs (properties)
The acerola has properties as a vitamin C supplement, to increase the immune system. Garlic is used as a urinary disinfectant, for an antiseptic action and for hypertension. Aloe vera has anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, healing, immunostimulating properties. The laurel has antiseptic, sedative, stimulating properties. Arnica is anti-inflammatory and antiseptic. Bergamot is antiseptic and vermifuge. Borage has an antiallergic and cardiovascular action. Echinacea is an immunostimulant. Guarana instead has a tonic action thanks to the presence of caffeine more active than in coffee. Lavender is antispasmodic, antiseptic, diuretic. Lemon balm is antispasmodic and sedative. Rosemary is used for hypercholesterolemia, asthenia, hepatic congestion. Dandelion burns fat deposits, cleanses the liver and is diuretic.
Medicinal herbs (Active ingredients)
Medicinal herbs contain active ingredients that can be grouped as follows: essential oils, tannins, bitters, starches, glucosides, alkaloids, mucilages, saponins. Essential oils are obtained by distillation of the plant. The tannins are extracted from roots, fruits, leaves and seeds and have an astringent and healing capacity. The bitters are used to facilitate digestion. Starches are used as a support for active ingredients thanks to their digestibility. Glucosides are used for cardiovascular diseases. The alkaloids have exciting or depressing effects and include substances such as: ephedrine, morphine, strychnine, scopolamine, codeine. Mucilages are used as laxatives. Saponins are used to produce steroid hormones such as testosterone and cortisol.
Medicinal herbs (Cultivation)
The cultivation of medicinal herbs can be carried out simply either in a pot, in the vegetable garden, or in the garden. The cultivation of medicinal plants has no significant difficulties and there are different types of plants that can be divided into perennials or annuals. Perennial plants will reproduce more slowly and could be multiplied by cuttings or seeds, annual plants multiply only by seed. The cutting should be done on a branch immediately below a bud or a knot and should be free of buds and leaves, leaving only some apical leaves. It would be advisable to bury the sprig before immersing it in a rooting solution. On the other hand, the seeds should absolutely be buried in a soft and moist soil.